One of the Key objectives of the ISM code is to establish a “’Safety culture” in Shipping. Explain what is meant by Safety culture? What are the key features of an effective safety culture? As a Chief Engineer how would you develop an effective safety culture onboard?
Define Fatigue? What are the causes of fatigue for a seafarer working onboard? How can a management level seafarer reduce and manage the risk of seafarer fatigue on ships? What rules and regulations are in place to help manage fatigue?
To operate engines in compliance with the new IMO 2020 sulphur limits and to prepare the engine and auxiliaries for the changes in fuel characteristics, is a challenge for owners, operators and crews. From the Chief Engineer’s perspective, explain the following briefly: –
Cylinder lubrication strategies.
Compatibility issues between fuels bunkered at different ports.
Procedures employed for preparing fuel oil tanks onboard.
Referring to the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) 2006, discuss: –
Flag State & Port State responsibilities.
On-board & On-shore Complaint Procedures.
Grievance redressal Mechanisms for Indian seafarers.
Enumerate and discuss the different types of communication
Discuss the various barriers to effective communication on ship.
You are doing main engine decarburization and the work is carried out in two groups, one working on cylinder head platform and the other group working in the bottom platform
Identify the areas in this operation where there can be a hazard due to failure of communication
Also suggest risk mitigation measures to mitigate this hazard of failure of communication.
The Initial IMO Strategy for GHG reduction adopted at MEPC 72 is the first milestone set out in the Roadmap for developing a comprehensive IMO Strategy on reduction of G1IG emissions from ships:
Define the Objectives of this Initial Strategy.
State the levels of ambition identified in the Initial strategy.
List out the small term, mid-term and Long term candidate measures with possible timelines as discussed in the IMO strategy for reduction of GHG emissions.
Discuss the procedure of entry into force of an IMO Convention after its Adoption
State the provision and its importance towards entry into force of the convention.
for a convention of important technical nature state the general rules conditions observed by the states for its entry into force. Explain the terms (i) Accession (ii) Signature subject to Ratification, acceptance or approval.
With reference to marine insurance, write short notes on the following: (a) Port of refuge (b) Particular average and General average (c) Total loss and Constructive loss.
What do you understand by “Un-seaworthv vessels” within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping Act. 1958. as amended? What according to you is the difference between “Un-seaworthy ships” & “Unsafe ships”. What are the obligations of owners to crew with respect seaworthiness?