July 2019

July 2019


With reference to the 0.5% Sulphur limit applied to residual fuel oils applicable from 1st Jan 2020, enumerate the regulations in the MARPOL convention according which this limit is applied globally.
Also prepare a plan for changeover of ships fuel oil tanks and engine fuel oil systems to low (0.5%) Sulphur fuel oil so that the ships tanks are ready to comply with the new regulations.


Discuss the principle of marine insurance. Explain each of the principle with suitable examples.

Discuss with merits and demerits of different principles used to operate reciprocating internal-combustion engines on gas, with special focus on the following:
a. Pre-mixed Low pressure Gas injection. High-pressure Gas injection Diesel- Gas engines

Referring to the Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) 2006, discuss:-
Flag State & Port State responsibilities.
On-board & On-shore Complaint Procedures.
Detainable deficiencies.
Grievance Redressal Mechanisms for Indian seafarers

Your owners have asked you to propose suitable retrofit for your ship with Ballast water management Equipment, Give a reasoned response.
You may make any assumptions but list the assumptions in the beginning.

Discuss the procedure of entry into force of an IMO Convention after its Adoption? State the provision and its importance towards entry into force of the convention.
For a convention of important technical nature state the general rules/ conditions observed by the states for its entry into force. Explain the terms (i) Accession (ii) Signature subject to Ratification, acceptance or approval.

Describe the background and relevance of the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001. Define the following under Bunker Conventions and explain how they differ from other similar Conventions such as CLC’92:- .
Pollution damage
Bunker oil
Time limits for claims

Define communication.
Enumerate and discuss the different types of communication
Discuss the various barriers to effective communication on ship.
You are doing main engine decarburization and the work is carried out in two groups, one working on cylinder head platform and the other group working in the bottom platform
Identify the areas in this operation where there can be a hazard due to failure of communication
Also suggest risk mitigation measures to mitigate this hazard of failure of communication.

The initial imo strategy for GHG reduction adopted at MEPC 72 is the first milestone set out in the Roadmap for developing a comprehensive IMO Strategy on reduction of GHG emissions from ships:
Define the Objectives of this Initial Strategy
State the levels of ambition identified in the Initial strategy.
List out the small , mid and Long term candidate measures with possible timelines as discussed in IMO strategy for reduction of ghg

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